Today, not a single supercomputer can yet be compared in power with the human brain. It contains almost 80 billion neurons, the activation of which is responsible for over 100 trillion synapses by transmitting certain types of ions through channels. It is due to this interaction of cells that a person is able to solve problems, assimilate information and determine patterns.

To date, the Kik Riken supercomputer has taken more than 40 minutes to simulate one second of activity for 1.74 billion neurons and 10.5 trillion synapses, which is equivalent to a hundredth of all the operations that take place in our brain.

Created a neuromorphic chip that mimics the work of the human brainScientists from MIT (Massachusetts) have presented a neuromorphic chip, which is based on the principle of interaction between brain cells. In it, the strength of the electric current flowing in synapses from germanium is regulated similarly to the flow of ions in neuronal connections.

The operation of the chip was demonstrated by identifying handwriting samples, and the efficiency was about 95%.

“Our goal is to create a chip no larger than a fingernail, which, in terms of its capabilities, will replace a supercomputer,” the scientists are quoted by the journal Nature Materials. “And this study is another step on the way to creating a working intellectual hardware.

PHOTO: aytuguluturk;TheDigitalArtist/pixabay

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neuromorphic chip