Talking about the pros and cons of the Linux OS is both simple and difficult at the same time. On the one hand, for any more or less experienced user, these issues have long been resolved and it is difficult to add something new here. On the other hand, no matter how you turn it, you still have to fall into taste: what is a plus for one person may become a minus for another.
The main difficulty lies in the OS selection criteria to determine the pros and cons of the system. The fact is that there are a lot of Linux-based operating systems. Perhaps such diversity is not only a great advantage, but also a disadvantage. The need to make a choice imposes certain obligations on the user: for example, a person should not just poke the “Enter” key, but treat the process of installing the system a little more consciously than is customary in the modern world.
Let’s suppose that before installing some distribution kit unknown to him, the future user of the system on Linux decided to google what OSes are flourishing in this niche today. When you query “Best Linux distributions 2017” you can see several rankings. Let’s name them in descending order of relevance, discarding those in which special-purpose systems are evaluated, for example, tailored to the requirements of administrators.
So, Manjabuntu published its material on this topic on November 27, on August 15 the rating from Losst was released, and at the very beginning of the year, on January 20, RUVDS company noted a similar topic in its blog on Habré.
Confirming the thesis about the subjectivity of almost any feedback about Linux systems, these materials put forward completely different assemblies in the first place, in which only the kernel is common. For Losst, this is Linux Mint, for the author of the hubblog – Elementary OS, and for Manjabuntu – Manjaro Linux. All these systems are maximally focused on user convenience: it is equally comfortable to work in them, but there are nuances. Let’s talk about them.
A very convenient distribution kit for a person who is just starting to work with Linux, and, perhaps, does not even know if he needs it at all. Based on Ubuntu, it runs almost perfectly out of the box, it is equipped with some additional programs that make life easier for the user, in particular, the Cinnamon desktop environment, backup utilities, system updates, etc.
If we talk about the minuses: the system is not updated automatically, but by selecting the appropriate item in the console. Sometimes there are problems with repositories, and also slows down the character set when entering a password in the session manager. In the summer, there was a sad situation when the assembler allowed the distribution of the assembly with the Trojan. Old-timers say that when working with an unstable OS, you quickly experience frustration, however, the author of the instability has not yet noticed.
Just like Linux Mint, this distribution was created based on Ubuntu, but it was made with some design pretense. Initially, it was even annoying, because the design refinements slowed down, and the updates threatened to completely bring down the system. However, starting with the Luna version, the concept of assembly has become clearer, and the execution has become more worthy.
At the moment, the authors of Elementary strive to make a beautiful, functional and lightweight replacement for Windows and Mac OS. Over the past few years, the Pantheon graphical shell has become less demanding on resources, and the system itself has become more nimble. She still has intermittent problems with updates, but let’s hope that the developers deal with them.
Unlike the previous two systems, this distribution is based on Arch Linux. Let’s be honest: not every even an experienced user can “digest” the mother system. However, Manjaro differs from it in the most advantageous way: it has a discreet, but very modern and functional design, a convenient software package, an out-of-the-box installer, and other attributes of an adequate modern system.
Manjaro is more stable when compared to Ubuntu-based distributions. In addition, this system is clearly faster than the previous two. If we talk about the minuses, then sometimes the installer hangs (but not for long), and this is probably the most unpleasant. There are other minor errors that do not greatly affect the work as a whole, but may not please the user.
However, the very fact that something convenient for a simple layman appeared on the basis of Arch Linux does a great honor to the authors of Manjaro, who created a very working user-friendly system.
In order to sum up some results and draw more or less adequate conclusions about the pros and cons of various Linux-based builds, it is necessary to understand what factors are important for such systems.
It is obvious that in the first positions there will be stability, performance and safety. However, an equally important component for any offspring of the Linux community is the very community, that is, that collective mind, which is itself a developer, and technical support, and a testing group. Otherwise, it is completely incomprehensible how often updates will be released and how to solve problems that arise.
Some linuxoids also highlight such a factor as the value of knowledge, but if you are just looking at Linux, it’s too early to talk about it. But a few years later…
Comparison of the most popular distributions of Linux OS, 2017
The rating is based on the author’s personal impressions and data from the Linux community.
So, as you can see from the table above, all the considered assemblies are very worthy of attention. As for security problems: this question should be asked, first of all, to the assemblers. After all, Linux itself can be configured as you like, and the security of the system depends on the directness of the hands of the authors of the distribution kit or the user.
Access logs, security policies, firewall settings – all this should ideally be done by hand, and not be left to chance. Actually, the possibility of such “manual administration” is the main and main plus of any Linux distribution, whatever you call it.
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