The new technology will set another milestone in the history of mobile networks in terms of performance. The core data of the fifth generation standard is far superior to the key features of 4G.
5G: what will be included in the standard
- 5G will provide up to 100 times faster network data transfer speeds than 4G. This corresponds to a value of up to 10,000 Mbps and, therefore, can completely replace a cable Internet connection.
- To this we can add a very low latency – less than a millisecond. This is the delay that occurs between you and the mobile tower.
- 5G can also access multiple devices at the same time. Missed Christmas calls and long waits are now a thing of the past.
- What is very important for end users is lower power consumption, which can be up to 90% lower than 4G. Thus, smartphones will be able to work longer in the network without recharging.
Successor to 4G: history of research
Major network operators and chip makers regularly make breakthroughs in 5G development. Back in 2015, network provider Ericsson demonstrated a prototype of a new network. At Mobile World Congress, a test model of the device was presented, which could process data at speeds up to 4000 Mbps.
In 2017, Intel introduced a 5G-based modem at CES. At that time, the chip manufacturer Qualcomm also had its own developments. This was a big step towards the competitiveness of the new technology. Intel and Qualcomm chips are installed in almost every smartphone, and the demonstration of the modem meant that progress was being made in the user area.
The first Russian operator to receive dedicated frequency bands for testing 5G was Megafon. By 2020, the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications plans to start implementing fifth-generation networks in Russian cities with a population of over 1 million people.
5G: this is what the future of the new standard could look like
Network operators and equipment manufacturers are working at full speed on new technology. The fifth standard offers huge connectivity in the future, not only for end-users, but also for the Internet of things. The market launch of 5G is planned for 2021. But whether the producers will make it on time is still a question.
The biggest challenge in implementing 5G continues to be cost. The radio masts must be connected to the core network using a fiber optic or microwave network. Of course, this will result in new costs for network providers.
Frequency bands above 6 GHz also need several small transmission towers instead of one big one. Installing all these masts, especially in urban areas, is very expensive. In the end, of course, the technology also needs to cost-effectively get to the end user’s devices. Major chip manufacturers are already working on cost-effective solutions.
However, all these problems can be solved. Mobile service providers and chip makers will just need some time to do this.
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