A brief history of the Internet – from closed military inventions to mass use. What are they, childhood and youth of the worldwide network?
Internet: from the beginning to the present day
The Internet has a very long history. It was not immediately recognized as a worldwide network, but emerged from networks of various projects. However, the idea that computers can share important information with each other became the basis of one of the most famous inventions of mankind. And it all started with competition.
The history of the Internet began in 1957when the US Department of Defense created the Advanced Projects Agency, a scientific institution that was supposed to return the United States to a leading position after the launch of the first Soviet satellite.
The basic idea for the worldwide web as we know it today was the knowledge of computer development and military network computing centers.
The idea that separate computers can independently access the same data has long occupied the minds of scientists. Over time, a lot of knowledge has accumulated and the question has arisen: how best to preserve it?
First functioning computer network of four PCs was called ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network). It was developed in 1969 by a small research group and was the forerunner of the Internet.
One of the first connections was made over a telephone line. The number of network computers increased. The so-called decentralized network made it possible to receive data in packages on different computers and collect an information package on them.
AT 1974 the year the translation language was invented, the transmission control protocol TCP (Transmission Control Protocol), which unified communication between isolated networks. It was also the first time the term “Internet” was used.
The next quantum leap in network development was the development of 1977 control protocol TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol). This allowed the PCs to communicate with each other.
AT 1989 Timothy Berners-Lee, of the Center for Nuclear Research in Geneva, took another important step in the history of the Internet: the invention of the World Wide Web allowed find files on other computers and activate links between them. This moment can be called the birth of modern Internet structures.
After the foundations of the Internet were laid, it began to grow rapidly. It was opened for commercial use in the early 1990s, and people began to use it in the same way as in military establishments.
Years later, it became possible to communicate online using computers, and by 2003, more than half of Europeans already had the experience of the first access to the Internet.
Today, everyday life is simply impossible to imagine without the Internet. It has become the most important means of communication for all mankind.
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