Depending on the electric vehicle, a realistic driving range is between 150 and 400 kilometers. But these values are correct for the summer period of operation, but in winter many factors come into play that negatively affect the driving range of an electric vehicle.
Because of the cold, the friction in the engine becomes stronger, and the car requires more energy. Not normally used in the summer, the heating system, interior and rear window heating also absorb a lot of electricity.
In winter, range loss, depending on the model, is up to 70 percent. On average, you have to count on a loss of 50 percent. In addition, charging electric vehicles lasts much longer at sub-zero temperatures.
Many manufacturers have begun to look for solutions to this problem: the new Renault Zoe has a built-in heat pump. VW and BMW are currently asking €975 and €660 respectively for an additional heat pump in the eGolf and in the BMW i3 and BMW i3s. According to BMW developers, the driving range is increased by more than 30 percent with the help of a heat pump.
Our advice: if you have an electric car, be sure to put it in the garage overnight so that the cold has a harder time getting to the battery. Also, use the preheating system if your electric vehicle has one.
Interesting about electric vehicles:
- Volvo presented a new concept car: an electric car with a bed
- How to choose an electric car: models for every taste and budget
Photo: manufacturing companies